The quotation merely repeats what we just said. Rachels explains that under Natural Law, morality and religion bear the same relationship as science and religion.
The reason is not that they have proven to be better or wiser than other people - as a group, they seem to be neither better nor worse than the rest of us. The Presumed Connection between Morality and Religion 4. Thus, asking an atheist where he or she derives morality from is a naive question.
This line of thought lies behind its whole sexual ethic.
Please email me your thoughts about the book: In reality, something very different is going on. So I stick with that core idea. What evidence might be offered to show this? Note also that the order in which James rachels does morality depend on religion two objections are discussed has been reversed, so the more complicated discussion can come last.
Jim knew that this argument is poor, since he was never impressed by the similar objection to utilitarianism "if you tried to maximize utility all the time, you'd go crazy".
The Problem of Incompleteness From this, we can see that while we may disagree about religion and what exactly might be morally right or wrong, we all occupy the same moral space, because we all have access to reason.
Moreover, we can determine what those rules are by an objective investigation. Rachels looks at the Theory of Natural Law as a source for the second chink of the armor of the related nature of religion and morality. Looking at these lectures, it seems a terrible shame that no one will ever hear them again.
Finally, Jim faults the Social Contract Theory for being unable to consider the interests of nonhuman animals and humans with severe mental impairments. At times, he seems to make Mill's mistake of equating happiness with pleasure.
God has given both the same powers of reasoning; and so believer and nonbeliever alike may listen to reason and follow its directives. Also, I've moved the criticisms of Rule-Utilitarianism from p. The Elements of Moral Philosophy is organized around the great moral theories: It first says 'there are no moral facts' and then it says 'morality consists in the rules we would agree to for our mutual benefit.
Also, I offer some new objections to the theory; I don't think Jim mentioned the best ones. In common parlance, "begs the question" just means "invites the question," and this is how students might hear the phrase.
Conduct is right because God commands it or God Commands conduct because it is right already One: The Law of Israel apparently regarded fetuses as something less than full human beings.
In an important sense, this leaves morality independent of religion. Thomas Aquinasrejected the theory for just this reason. Furthermore, the goodness of God can be reduced to nonsense: The Cultural Differences Argument 19 2. One of the most frequently cited passages is from the first chapter of Jeremiah, in which God is quoted as saying: But there is another main theory besides Divine Command Theory, and it is much more widely accepted by theologians.
In the first place, it is often difficult to find specific moral guidance in the Scriptures. In these cases, reasoning is used to establish as stance.
The Theory of Natural Law rests upon a certain view of what the world is like. This way of thinking about sex dates back to at least to St. Under the English common law, abortion was tolerated even if performed late in the pregnancy.
The Defense of Utilitarianism 8. I've made Kohlberg's stages of moral development easier to read. All moral theories are theories about what is important. At the beginning of section 1. Tracy Latimer 8 1. The question is not whether the fetus is a human, but whether it has a right to life.James Rachels & Stuart Rachels The Presumed Connection Between Morality and Religion In popular thinking, morality and religion are inseparable.
People commonly believe that morality can be understood only in the context of religion. Clergy and those considered pious are thus regarded as moral experts who will give sound moral advice. “Does Morality Depend on Religion?
” by James Rachels (Chapter 4 of Rachels’ The Elements of Morality 4th ed) The Good consists in always doing what God wills at any particular moment. Emil Brunner, The Divine Imperative () I respect deities.
I do not rely upon. Rachels Chapter 4 Does Morality Depend on Religion? The presumed connection. if there's no good and bad consequences in the afterlife depending on how we behave in.
James Rachels and Stuart Rachels. Skip to main content. PreK; Higher Ed; Support & Contact g. RACHELS, THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY, 8E TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. WHAT IS MORALITY?
The Problem of Definition DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION? The Presumed Connection between. April 30, Ethics - Religion, Philosophy of Religion John Messerly Why should I be moral?
One answer is that if we are moral, the gods will reward us; and if not, the gods will punish us. The Presumed Connection Between Morality and Religion In popular thinking, morality and religion are inseparable. People commonly believe that morality can be understood only in the context of religion.
Clergy and those considered pious are thus regarded as moral experts who will give sound moral advice.Download